We use the comma to separate words, phrases or clauses in a series:

  • She displayed the integrity, experience and knowledge necessary to be an effective team leader.
  • Lincoln famously spoke of the lasting power of a government of the people, by the people, and for the people.
  • Many students are reluctant to speak in class because they are afraid of looking foolish. They fear the judgement of their peers, or they are intimidated by the instructor.


We use the comma to link two independent clauses with a coordinating conjunction (and, but, so, or, for, nor, yet):

  • The dangers of the drug are self-evident, yet its popularity continues to rise.
  • His works are translated in over a hundred languages worldwide, and his impact on the English language is unparalleled.


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