Whether quoting directly or paraphrasing, if you are using information or ideas that are not your own within an academic writing assignment, it is essential that you to tell the reader the source of that information. Every time you use a source to support your ideas, you must provide specific information about that source, including the author's name, the title of the article, the website from which you found it, etc. This information is called a reference, and you must provide a list of references for all of your sources at the end of an essay.

What Style Should I Follow for Citation?

There are many different styles you can follow when formatting your academic writing assignment. As in ENGL140, the essays in 145 will follow the APA (American Psychological Association) style guide because it is the most common style for citing sources in the social sciences. However, formatting rules will vary, depending on the subject, and it is important that you know what style your instructor wants before you submit an assignment. Other common styles include The Modern Language Association (MLA) and The Chicago Manual of Style (CMOS, also called CMS).

APA Style

Here is a comprehensive guide to using APA citation style from Concordia University.